Primary hygiene measures are an important way to cease the spread of infections, including the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Fundamental hygiene measures include:
hand hygiene – that is, washing fingers commonly with cleaning soap and water, or cleansing with hand sanitiser
staying at house in case you are sick
coughing or sneezing right into a tissue or your elbow after which performing hand hygiene
cleaning surfaces regularly.
The usage of personal protective equipment (PPE), similar to face masks can reduce the spread of infection when used correctly and within the appropriate context. This could also be really useful in workplaces the place individuals are more prone to come in contact with the disease.
Use of face masks
For most people locally, PPE similar to face masks usually are not recommended. However, for people with signs of an acute respiratory an infection, the WHO recommends that there may be benefit in wearing a face masks to reduce the spread of an infection to other people.
The way to appropriately wear and remove a face masks
If you are unwell or have a job which requires you to be in close contact with people who may have coronavirus, it is suggested you utilize a face mask. It is vital that face masks are worn and removed correctly. Masks ought to fit snugly and fully cover your nostril and mouth.
Methods to wear a masks:
wash fingers with soap and water or use hand sanitiser
place over nostril, mouth and chin
fit flexible nose piece over nostril bridge
secure on head with ties or elastic
adjust to fit – secure in your head, fitting snugly around your face with no gaps
keep away from touching or adjusting your masks during use.
The best way to remove a masks:
wash fingers with cleaning soap and water or use hand sanitiser
avoid touching the entrance of the mask
if the mask has ties, untie the bottom, then high tie
remove from face
discard, don’t use once more
wash arms with soap and water or use hand sanitiser immediately.
Use of PPE in the workplace
Workplaces where individuals can preserve more than 2 metres contact distance from people with potential COVID19 symptoms – Facemasks and gloves are usually not recommended.
Examples of those workplaces embody – schooling amenities, pharmacies, shops
Individuals who, as a result of nature of their job, may be unable to take care of more than 2 metres contact distance from folks with potential COVID19 symptoms – facemasks and gloves are beneficial when this contact is prone to occur.
Examples of these workplaces embrace – Police, prison workers, customs workers
These recommendations are a guide only and workplace settings not listed within the table should consider their ability to take care of the two metres rule and use the table to tell their use of PPE. Usually, surgical/medical masks prevent the dispersal of droplets by an infected patient and the inhalation of droplets if within 2 metres of a coughing individual.
Hand hygiene and cough / sneeze etiquette (maintain distance, cover coughs and sneezes with disposable tissues and wash palms) can have a bigger impact.